The average person may have somewhere between 10 and 40 moles. The most common kind of moles are moles that occur above the surface of the skin, flat moles, and skin tags. Skin moles that lie in the dermis are embedded in the skin and those that on or covered by the epidermis rest on the skin’s outer layer. They’re usually benign and range in size, color, texture, and may occur at any part of the body. although most skin moles are oval and not larger than a pea or raisin. however, some of them may resemble malignant skin lesions since they show a different color with an amorphous shape.
What is melanoma?
Some moles are melanomas which are harmful tumors that are a type of skin cancer. although it’s less common than other kinds of skin cancer, it’s considered the deadliest form. Diagnosis is more prevalent in women that live in warm climates, as excessive exposure to the sun is one of the top causes of melanoma. Fair-skinned people with light-colored hair and eyes are also more at risk. This is such because the skin is less resistant towards the grueling and harsh rays of the sun which may or may not contain ultraviolet light, which further increases the chances of developing melanoma.
What are causes of cancerous moles?
While ultraviolet (UV) light exposure is usually the culprit of the most typical cause of cancerous moles, there’s also other ways to become afflicted with melanoma. Tanning beds are another common cause, as well as extreme exposure to x-rays. Additionally, those who have impaired immune systems from taking various medications at once are more susceptible to fall victim to melanoma. Frequent contact with chemicals in oil, soot, and tar are contributors as well.
How are cancerous moles diagnosed?
Dermatologists are skin specialists that are most likely to detect melanoma. They may run diagnostic tests if they see symptoms, such as darkish blue coloring and irregular shaped moles, on the skin. Most indications are easy to spot with the naked eye, and it’s important to act on clues early to prevent metastasis or the spread of cancer to other organs.
What treatments are available for cancerous moles?
There’s several forms of treatment for cancerous moles that are often performed by nuclear medicine technologists or plastic surgeons. many people choose to undergo cosmetic surgery to have their mole(s) removed. some endure chemo and/or immunotherapy while radiation therapy may work better for others.