Bariatric surgery is performed to help subjects overcome morbid obesity; it is the last resort and can work if the patient adheres to the recommended post-surgery lifestyle. however, this procedure is not without risks and complications and anyone contemplating this operation would do well to apprise himself of these. Remember, this is a major surgical process even when performed endoscopically. get all the facts before committing yourself to it.
Bariatric surgery is carried out in the abdominal cavity and therefore risks associated with abdominal surgery are present with bariatric surgery. These include bleeding and infection at the site of incision; sutures coming loose or not being accepted by the body; hernia; and intestinal blockage.
In addition, one has to be aware of the risks that accompany the use of general anesthesia. Medical conditions related to the heart and breathing problems can exacerbate the risk. Medicines can interfere with anesthesia. Local anesthesia is safer but there is a risk of systemic toxicity from high dosage. Age is an important factor that affects the extent of such risk.
Your surgeon will notify you on the two categories of risks; these are early risks and late risks. A serious risk of the former type is the seeping of abdominal fluid in spite of the sutures. This situation has to be remedied immediately and will most likely require surgery. Injury to organs during the surgery has to be guarded against.
Even after the successful completion of surgery; the patient has to be on guard against certain risks and should follow the diet and medicine regimen suggested by the doctor. Ulcers can appear in the stomach. Smokers are at greater risk. the body may no longer accept certain foods such as red meat and rich dairy products; this can lead to stomach cramps and diarrhea. Malabsorption is an issue that almost all bariatric surgery patients have to deal with, particularly those that undergo the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Low absorption of calcium, iron, vitamin D, oxalates, and vitamin B12 are to be guarded against. the solution is to take proper supplements.
Low blood sugar levels are a risk and can lead to symptoms such as heart palpitations and sweating.
Most of the long-term complications and risks associated with bariatric surgery are not very common and rate of occurrence is low. another such complication is the narrowing of the passage connecting the stomach and the intestine. This can be remedied through surgery that need not be an in-patient procedure.
Other complications or side-effects that arise after a period of time include body aches, dryness of the skin, hair loss, and also NIPHS.